FInd out the risk factors and how to prevent skin’s fungal infection!

DERMATOPHYTES
/dərˈmadəˌfīt/ /dərˈmædəˌfaɪt/

Dermatophytes are a unique group of fungi capable infecting nonviable keratinized cutaneous structures including stratum corneum, nails, and hair. Arthrospores can survive in human scales for 12 months.

Characteristics of Fungal Infection.

DERMATOPHYTES INFECTION AT DIFFERENT SITES

Tinea corporis = body-typically occurs in ring-like patterns.
Tinea cruris = groin-common, usually spares the scrotum. May be unilateral.
Tinea pedis = foot (athlete’s foot)-macerated scale between fourth and fifth toes or diffuse dry scale of the soles (moccasin-like).
Tinea manuum = hand-usually one palm. Dry scale with little inflammation.
Tinea unguium = nail.
Tinea capitis = scalp-primarily seen in children. Fungus cause hair loss.
Tinea facei = face.
Tinea barbae = beard area.

Sites of Dermatophytes Infection.

Who Is At Risk For Tinea Infection?
1. Live in a humid weather.
2. Play contact sports, such as wrestling.
3. Have a depressed immune system because of disease or medicine.
4. Don’t have good nutrition.
5. Have contact with people or pets that have fungal infection.
6. Use communal baths or locker rooms.
7. Have poor hygiene.
8. Sharing towels, clothing, combs, or brushes.

Can Tinea Infection Be Prevented?
1. Wash after you get dirty or sweaty, or after using a locker room.
2. Wear clothes that absorb sweat and not tight.
3. Make sure the skin is dry before covering areas that are prone to fungal infections.
4. Don’t share towels, combs, brushes, clothes, or shoes.
5. Shave the pubic hair regularly.
6. Family Screening.
7. Management of infected linen: clothes, bed linen, towels, and other linen are washed separately.
8. Make sure your pet does not have ringworm. People can get ringworm from animals.

When Should I Call My Healthcare Provider?
1. The rash does not get better after 10 days of treatment.
2. The rash spreads to other areas of the body.
3. Redness around the rash gets worse.
4. You have a fever of 100.4º (38ºC) or higher, or as directed by your healthcare provider.
5. Fluid leaks from the rash.

Key points about tinea infection

1. Tinea is a fungal infection of the skin. It is also known as ringworm. But it is not caused by worms.
2. The fungus is very contagious and can be spread from person to person.
3. Some types of tinea infection can be prevented if you don’t share personal hygiene products, clothes, or shoes and keep your skin dry.
4. Tinea infection can affect any part of the body. But it most often occurs on the feet, groin, nails, body, and scalp.
5. Treatment depends on what part of the body is infected. It may include antifungal cream, shampoo, or oral medicine.

We hope these tips help you deal with 
Tinea Infection! 🤖



References
https://www.cedars-sinai.org/health-library/diseases-and-conditions/t/tinea-infection.html. accessed 23rd February 2022.
Rocken M, Schaller M, Sattler E, Burgdorf W. Color atlas of dermatology. Stuttgart: Thieme, 2012: p. 342-5.
Wolff K, Johnson RA, Saavedra AP, Roh K. Fitzpatrick’s color atlas and synopsis of clinical dermatology, 8th eds. New York: Mc Graw Hill, 2013: p. 594-636.
Burge S, Matin R, Wallis D. Oxford handbook of medical dermatology, 2nd eds. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press, 2016: p. 164-5.
PERDOSKI. Panduan praktik klinis bagi dokter spesialis dermatologi dan venerologi. Jakarta: PERDOSKI, 2021: p. 141-8.

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